The War record and military career of Major Joseph F. McCullough Sr.: World War II, 36th Infantry Division Fifth Army, a battlefield promotion at Monte Casino, Italy from a 2nd. Lt. to a 1st. Lt., liberation of Rome June 5, 1944, invasion of Southern France “Operation Dragoon” Seventh Army August 15, 1944: The Korean War conflict 24th Infantry Division Eighth Army as Captain and he received two Purple Hearts (OLC) and a Bronze Star Medal.: Active duty on the Vietnam War Era, and also the European Theatre era (Cold War) stationed in St. Johann, (1955-57) Austria and Munich. Nuremberg, Germany (1960-63).: A three War (3) Veteran of the United States Army Infantry, “Field Grade Officer” with a, Battlefield Infantry Badge 2nd. Class.: Career History 23 years, 1942 to 1965 retired as Lt. Col. (U.S. Army Reserves).: Robert E. McCullough B.A., Arch. 7669 Girard Ave. La Jolla, California 92037, or phone call 619-581-7112.:
The 36th Infantry Division – also known as the Fighting 36th, the Panther Division, or the Texas Division – is a modular division of the United States Army National Guard. It was activated for service in World War II on November 25, 1940, and was sent overseas in April 1943.
*History of the 36th (Texas “T”) Infantry Division World War II*
The 36th Infantry Division was activated prior to World War II on 25 November 1940. It deployed overseas on 2 April 1943, commanded by Fred Walker. The 36th Infantry Division landed in North Africa, 13 April 1943, and trained at Arzew and Rabat. It first saw action, 9 September 1943, when it landed by sea at Paestum on the Gulf of Salerno against intense German opposition. The Germans launched counterattacks on September 12-14, but the 36th repulsed them with the aid of air support and naval gunfire, and advanced slowly, securing the area from Agropoli to Altavilla.
After a brief rest the 36th returned to combat, 15 November. It captured Mount Maggiore, Mount Lungo, and the village of San Pietro despite strong enemy positions and severe winter weather. This grueling campaign was marked by futile attempts to establish a secure bridgehead across the Rapido River, 1 January to 8 February 1944. After assisting the 34th Division in the attack on Cassino and fighting defensively along the Rapido River, the severely depleted 36th withdrew, 12 March 1944, for rest and rehabilitation. On 25 May, the Division was sent by sea to the Anzio bridgehead to take part in Operation Diadem. It drove north to capture Velletri, 1 June, and entered Rome on the 5th. Pushing up from Rome, the 36th encountered sharp resistance at Magliano, but reached Piombino, 26 June, before moving back to Paestum for rest and rehabilitation.
On 15 August, as part of the American 6th Army Group, the division made another amphibious assault landing, against light opposition in the Saint-Raphaël area of Southern France as part of Operation Dragoon. A rapid advance opened the Rhone River Valley. Montelimar fell, 28 August, and large German units were trapped. The 36th advanced to the Moselle River at Remiremont and the foothills of the Vosges. In a grinding offensive, the Division crossed the Meurthe River, breached the Ste. Marie Pass and burst into the Alsatian Plains. The enemy counterattacked, 13 December, but the 36th held the perimeter of the Colmar Pocket.
The German Army counterattacks out of the Colmar Pocket were so fierce, that at times, the field artillery was forced to fire over open sights, at point blank range to stop them. On the 20th the Division resumed the attack, advancing northward along the Rhine River to Mannheim< meeting heavy resistance at Haguenau, Oberhofen, and Wissembourg. In this action Company “G” 143rd Infantry Regiment gained a Presidential Unit Citation (US).
The Division was taken out of the line for the first time since it had landed in the south of France. It returned to the line early March 1945. The 36th moved to the Danube, 22 April 1945, and attacked the “National Redoubt” at Künzelsau on the 30th. The 36th has been recognized by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as a liberating unit for their work securing the sub-camps of the Dachau concentration camp system.
After 400 days of combat, the 36th Infantry Division returned to the United States in December 1945. It was deactivated on 15 December 1945.
24TH (VICTORY) INFANTRY DIVISION Korean War
Prior to the start of the Korean War, the 24th Infantry Division had occupation duty on Japan’s southernmost main island of Kyushu. When President Harry S. Truman ordered U.S. ground forces to support the Republic of Korea, the 24th Infantry Division was the closest so was tasked with providing the first ground forces. This took the form a scratch unit designated “Task Force Smith” which deployed from Itazuke Air Base on 2 July 1950. At the time, Task Force Smith consisted of the following units from the 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment: 2 under-strength rifle companies “A” & “B,” one-half of Headquarters Company, one-half of the battalion’s communications platoon, a composite 75-mm Recoilless Rifle platoon with four guns, and four 4.2″ mortars, for a total of 440 men but only 406 actually arrived in Korea. Task Force Smith was transported to Osan, South Korea where it dug in to wait the North Koreans, now supported by a battery of 105mm howitzers.
They did not have long to wait. At approximately 0730, 5 July 1950, North Korean tanks were observed advancing south. The, at 0816, Task Force Smith supporting artillery fired its first rounds. The lightly armed Task Force Smith was no match for Soviet-built T-34 tanks, backed by a North Korean division so by early afternoon, survivors from the task force were running for their lives. In the next three weeks the 24th Infantry Division suffered defeat after defeat as it fought gallantly while slowly retreating southward, trading lives and ground for time so U.S. forces could build up in the country.
The 24th Infantry Division was replaced in Korea by the 40th Infantry Division, 23 January 1952, and redeployed to Japan, returning to Korea a second time on 16 July 1953, one week before the ceasefire was signed.
The 24th Infantry Division consisted of:
Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company
19th Infantry Regiment
21st Infantry Regiment
34th Infantry Regiment
11th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)
13th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
52nd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
63rd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
26th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion
Company A, 78th Tank Battalion (Heavy) replaced by the
6th Tank Battalion (Medium) on 8 August 1950
3rd Engineer Battalion (Combat)
24th Reconnaissance Company
Division Special Troops
24th Medical Battalion
24th Signal Company
724th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
24th Quartermaster Company
24th Military Police Company
24th Replacement Company
5th Infantry Regiment (31 September 1950 – January 1952)
555th (Triple Nickel) Field Artillery Battalion
8072nd Tank Battalion (Provisional)
Eighth Army Ranger Company (10 October 1950 – 28 March 1951)
8th Ranger Infantry Company (Airborne) (31 April 1951 – 1 August 1951)
British 27th Commonwealth Brigade
*The Cold War Era and The Vietnam War, 1952 to 1965*
* Vietnam War Era, 1963 to 1965*
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You’re currently reading “The War record and military career of Major Joseph F. McCullough Sr.: World War II, 36th Infantry Division Fifth Army, a battlefield promotion at Monte Casino, Italy from a 2nd. Lt. to a 1st. Lt., liberation of Rome June 5, 1944, invasion of Southern France “Operation Dragoon” Seventh Army August 15, 1944: The Korean War conflict 24th Infantry Division Eighth Army as Captain and he received two Purple Hearts (OLC) and a Bronze Star Medal.: Active duty on the Vietnam War Era, and also the European Theatre era (Cold War) stationed in St. Johann, (1955-57) Austria and Munich. Nuremberg, Germany (1960-63).: A three War (3) Veteran of the United States Army Infantry, “Field Grade Officer” with a, Battlefield Infantry Badge 2nd. Class.: Career History 23 years, 1942 to 1965 retired as Lt. Col. (U.S. Army Reserves).: Robert E. McCullough B.A., Arch. 7669 Girard Ave. La Jolla, California 92037, or phone call 619-581-7112.:,” an entry on Architecture & Environmental Design
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